El Niño injury to PH agri nears P6B


El Niño damage to PH agri nears P6B

ALL DRY A farmer in Pagadian City in Zamboanga del Sur province visits her rice farm, nowall dried up as a result of absence of rain amid the El Niño climate phenomenon. The Zamboanga Peninsula is among the many 11 areas within the nation worst hit by the dry spell and drought. PHOTO COURTESY OF PAGADIAN CITY AGRICULTURE OFFICE

MANILA, Philippines — The El Niño-induced drought continues to wreak havoc on crops and livestock throughout the nation, elevating the worth of losses to greater than a 3rd of what the Department of Agriculture (DA) reported only a week earlier.

The DA mentioned on Thursday that the acute warmth and lack of rain had resulted in P5.9 billion in agricultural injury as of April 30, equal to about 34.9 % of the P4.3 billion recorded in its April 23 bulletin.

The agriculture division has been monitoring the consequences of the El Niño climate phenomenon since its onset in July 2023 and began reporting the injury from the drought it has been inflicting in January this yr.

It reported on Thursday that the drought had affected 113,585 farmers and fishers in 12 of the nation’s 17 areas with the amount of manufacturing losses amounting to 255,467 metric tons in 104,402 hectares (ha) of agricultural land.

Rice farms worst hit

Rice accounted for 53.21 %, or P3.14 billion, of complete losses with 129,350 MT in 58,226 ha broken.

Corn comprised 29.8 %, or P1.76 billion of the general injury. High-value crops accounted for P958.06 million, or 16.23 % of the full.

Losses to fisheries, and livestock and poultry amounted to P33.8 million and P7.9 million, respectively.

The DA mentioned crops being raised in 75,873 ha affected by the lengthy dry spell might nonetheless be recovered, but it surely didn’t give an estimate of their potential manufacturing quantity.

The affected areas are Cordillera, Ilocos, Cagayan Valley, Central Luzon, Calabarzon, Mimaropa, Bicol, Western Visayas, Eastern Visayas, Zamboanga Peninsula, Davao and Soccsksargen.

Past losses

The losses from the consequences of the present El Niño are usually not as extreme as in the course of the interval from the late Nineties to the 2010s, based on DA information.

In phrases of worth misplaced, the agriculture sector suffered P17.44 billion price of harm with 555,102 ha affected in the course of the 2009 El Niño episode, the largest for the reason that late Nineties.

The DA mentioned that 1997 was the worst of all of the “strong and mature” El Niño years because it affected 677,441 ha, the most important space affected throughout that interval. Losses in that yr amounted to P3.07 billion.

Another extreme episode was recorded in 2015 when El Niño-induced drought prompted P15.2 billion in losses from 556,721 hectares.

In May 2019, El Niño broken near P8 billion price of crops and fisheries, affecting 247,610 farmers and 227,889 ha throughout the nation.

Then Agriculture Undersecretary Ariel Cayanan mentioned that complete manufacturing losses in rice alone reached P4.04 billion, affecting greater than 100,000 farmers cultivating 140,000 ha.

According to a December 2019 report by the Asian Development Bank, the Philippine agricultural sector suffered a P4.1-billion loss in the course of the 1992-1993 El Niño episode.

3 billion affected

The DA mentioned it supplied numerous types of help price P2.18 billion to farmers and fishers to alleviate the consequences of El Niño on their livelihoods.

These embrace the P1.065 billion in monetary help to rice farmers in Cagayan Valley and Mimaropa, and P658.22 million in manufacturing assist supplied by its regional places of work.

A punishing warmth wave sweeping throughout the nation is sending the warmth index to harmful ranges, which the climate bureau has decided to be 42 levels Celsius to 51ºC.

Heat index, based on the Philippine Atmospheric, Geophysical and Astronomical Services Administration (Pagasa), is a measure of the mixed results of warmth and humidity that reduces the physique’s capability to chill itself, thereby rising the feeling of a better temperature. People uncovered to such ranges of warmth might undergo from warmth cramps or exhaustion if energetic outdoor.

Across your entire nation, round 3 million folks have been affected by the relentless warmth, the Department of Social Welfare and Development mentioned in its catastrophe report on May 1.

Pagasa on Thursday logged 23 areas with harmful warmth index ranges.

At Ninoy Aquino International Airport in Pasay City, the warmth index reached 41ºC. But the northern cities of Dagupan and Aparri had a searing 48ºC — the 2 hottest areas on Thursday.


Officials have cautioned residents to restrict out of doors exercise, replenish fluids and defend themselves in opposition to warmth stroke.

But for a lot of from city poor communities like Ilya and Antonia, who promote flowers exterior La Loma Cemetery, there’s little selection however to stay outdoor, making an already brutal summer time much more punishing.

They’ve been sweltering over the previous weeks on a patch of pavement, struggling in opposition to the stifling circumstances.

“The heat is unbearable, I get dizzy sometimes,” Ilya instructed the Inquirer.

Antonia nodded in settlement.

“My flowers wilt easily these days. We have to use a block of ice for the flowers to survive,” she mentioned.

Hottest days

Buying ice will not be an choice as these could be an additional expense they will in poor health afford.

“Even when it’s nighttime, it’s like we’re being baked,” Ilya mentioned.

Metro Manila recorded one among its hottest days on Saturday final week with the temperature rising to 38.8ºC. Last Sunday, Iba, capital of Zambales province was seared by a warmth index of 53ºC, the very best within the nation to this point this yr.

Your subscription couldn’t be saved. Please attempt once more.

Your subscription has been profitable.

Over the following two days, the climate bureau forecasts 35 areas nationwide might expertise harmful warmth index ranges — from Sinait, Ilocos Sur, in northern Luzon to Iloilo City within the Visayas and Zamboanga City in Mindanao. —WITH REPORTS FROM RUSSEL LORETO AND INQUIRER RESEARCH


Please enter your comment!
Please enter your name here