“Boxed In” Report: Streamers Rent Extra Girls Behind the Scenes than Broadcast, WOC Characters Stay Underrepresented

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Now in its twenty fifth yr, the most recent “Boxed In” report reveals that streaming platforms have but once more eclipsed their broadcast TV competitors with the illustration of girls on tv. The research, led by Dr. Martha Lauzen of San Diego State College, discovered that streamers employed extra girls than broadcast TV networks in each on-screen and off-screen roles throughout the 2021-2022 season. 

With girls making up 50 % of main characters on streaming providers in comparison with broadcast TV’s 48 %, that is the fourth yr that streamers have surpassed their broadcast counterparts in representing girls on the small display. The report reveals, nevertheless, that ladies of coloration stay underrepresented on display: whereas streaming applications featured extra Asian and Asian American girls in main roles (15 %) than TV networks (10 %), broadcast applications had the next proportion of Black (28 %) and Latina (7 %) girls in main roles than streaming applications (21 % and three %, respectively). 

The “Boxed In” research measures how girls are faring in authentic U.S. TV applications on each streaming and broadcast community platforms. Carried out from September 2021 to Could 2022, this yr’s version targeted on what number of girls had been employed for key behind-the-scenes positions and monitored the on-screen illustration of girls in drama, comedy, and actuality TV collection.

The research examined over 3,000 characters and three,800 credit from randomly chosen episodes of prime-time collection on broadcast networks together with ABC, CBS, NBC, FOX, and the CW, in addition to collection from streaming providers together with Amazon Prime, Apple TV+, Disney+, HBO Max, Hulu, Netflix, Paramount+, and Peacock.

In keeping with the report, the tv business, irrespective of the platform, continues to discriminate in opposition to growing older girls on display. The share of main girls characters growing older from their 30s to 40s suffered a steep decline on broadcast TV, dropping from 42 % of their 30s to fifteen % of their 40s. Likewise, the proportion of main girls characters on streaming applications fell from 33 % of their 30s to 14 % of their 40s. The research additionally discovered that ladies over 60 proceed to be dramatically underrepresented on TV, comprising simply 3 % of main characters on each broadcast and streaming applications. 

Notably, the proportion of girls working in key behind-the-scenes positions for streamers has reached a latest historic excessive with 37 % – a lift of 4 proportion factors from final yr’s figures. The identical metric for broadcast networks, nevertheless, has remained the identical since 2020-2021 at 31 % of girls working as creators, administrators, writers, govt producers, producers, editors, and administrators of pictures. Total, each streaming and broadcast applications employed comparatively low numbers of girls in key off-camera roles: as solely 14 % of the applications employed 11 or extra girls within the roles thought-about, whereas 67 % employed 11 or extra males.

The research additionally discovered that streaming applications employed considerably extra girls administrators than broadcast applications, boasting 29 % in comparison with 18 %. The identical might be mentioned for girls govt producers, with streamers hiring 38 % and broadcast networks hiring 29 %. 

“On broadcast and streaming platforms, applications with at the very least one lady creator employed considerably larger percentages of girls in different key behind-the-scenes roles than applications with solely male creators,” the report particulars. “For instance, when a program had at the very least one lady creator, girls comprised 33% of administrators. On applications with no girls creators, girls accounted for 18% of administrators.” 

The report additionally factors out that 92 % of each broadcast and streaming applications had no had no girls administrators of pictures; 79 % had no girls administrators; 72 % had no girls editors; 71 % had no girls creators; and 65 % had no girls writers on their groups.

Highlights from “Boxed In: Girls On Display screen and Behind the Scenes on Broadcast and Streaming Tv in 2021-22” are under. Learn the complete report right here.


  • In 2021-22, applications on streaming providers featured a barely larger proportion of feminine characters in talking roles (47%) than applications on the printed networks (45%). For streaming applications, this represents a rise of two proportion factors from 45% in 2020-21, and a latest historic excessive. It represents no change for broadcast applications 
  • Applications on streaming providers featured a barely larger proportion of main feminine characters than applications on broadcast networks. Females represented 50% of main characters on streaming applications versus 48% on broadcast community applications. This represents a decline of two proportion factors from a excessive of 52% in 2020-21 for streaming applications, and a rise of three proportion factors from 45% for broadcast applications, and a latest historic excessive.
  • Feminine characters proceed to expertise a steep decline in numbers as they age from their 30s into their 40s. On broadcast community applications, the proportion of main feminine characters plummeted from 42% of their 30s to fifteen% of their 40s. Equally, on streaming applications the proportion of main females dropped from 33% of their 30s to 14% of their 40s. The patterns for feminine characters in talking roles had been comparable. 
  • Girls 60 and over proceed to be dramatically underrepresented. Females comprised simply 3% of main feminine characters 60 and over on broadcast applications and three% on streaming applications. 
  • Broadcast community applications featured the next proportion of Black feminine characters in main roles than streaming applications. On broadcast community applications, the proportion of Black feminine characters in main roles elevated from 22% in 2020-21 to twenty-eight% in 2021-22. On streaming providers, the proportion of main Black females declined from 22% in 2020-21 to 21% in 2021-22. 
  • Broadcast community applications featured the next proportion of Latina characters in main roles than streaming applications. On broadcast community applications, Latinas comprised 7% of main feminine characters, down 1 proportion level from 8% in 2020-21. On streaming applications, Latinas accounted for 3% of main females, down 2 proportion factors from 5% in 2020-21.
  • Streaming applications featured the next proportion of Asian and Asian American feminine characters in main roles than broadcast applications. On broadcast community applications, Asian and Asian American females comprised 10% of main feminine characters, up 2 proportion factors from 8% in 2020-21. On streaming applications, Asian and Asian People accounted for 15% of main females, up 4 proportion factors from 11% in 2020-21. 
  • Whereas the proportion of girls working in key behind-the-scenes roles elevated on streaming applications in 2021-22, the proportion engaged on broadcast applications remained the identical. Girls comprised 37% of creators, administrators, writers, govt producers, producers, editors, and administrators of pictures engaged on streaming applications, a rise of 4 proportion factors from 33% in 2020-21 and a latest historic excessive. The share of behind-the-scenes girls engaged on broadcast applications remained the identical at 31%.
  • All the applications thought-about (broadcast and streaming) employed comparatively low numbers of girls in key behind-the-scenes roles. Solely 14% of the applications employed 11 or extra girls within the roles thought-about. In distinction, 67% employed 11 or extra males. 
  • Whereas the proportion of girls creators rebounded on broadcast networks in 2021-22, their numbers remained stagnant on streaming providers. The share of creators on broadcast community applications elevated by 7 proportion factors to 29%, whereas the variety of girls creators remained stagnant on streaming applications at 30%.
  • Streaming applications employed considerably larger percentages of girls as administrators (29%) than broadcast applications (18%). 
  • Streaming applications employed considerably larger percentages of girls as govt producers (38%) than broadcast applications (29%). 
  • On broadcast and streaming platforms, applications with at the very least 1 lady creator employed considerably larger percentages of girls in different key behind-the-scenes roles than applications with solely male creators. For instance, when a program had at the very least 1 lady creator, girls comprised 33% of administrators. On applications with no girls creators, girls accounted for 18% of administrators. 
  • In 2021-22, 92% of broadcast and streaming applications had no girls administrators of pictures, 79% had no girls had no girls administrators, 72% had no girls editors, 71% had no girls creators, and 65% had no girls writers.

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